In the 1907 at the Surat Congress, there was a major difference of opinion between the ‘moderates’ and the ‘extremists’. The ‘extremist’ group was known as ‘Lal’, ‘Bal’ and ‘Pal’, after Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Bipin Chandra Pal. Besides advocating swadeshi movement, they also advocated a total boycott amounting to non-coperation and non-payment of taxes. ‘Lal’ and ‘Bal’ were deported to Mandalay in Burma. Tilak’s trial for incitement bought Bombay’s industries to a standstill and his 6 year sentence bought the troops into the street and there were 16 deaths. Sitting in a prison in Mandalay, Tilak wrote his commentary on the Bagavad Gita.
[Compiled from various sources] This series is part of “15 days of independence”:http://varnam.nationalinterest.in/archives/cat_indian_independence.html